Zones: 7 to 9
Size: 3 to 4' tall, 3' wide
Growth Rate: Moderate
Exposure: Sun, Filtered Sun, Part Shade
Glossy green lobed leaves with soft spines at the tips. Purple flowers on spikes in late spring. Does not do well in the heat and humidity of the south. Clump-forming. Well-drained soil. Can spread aggressively.
Published in Sp. Pl. 2: 639 in 1753.
Native to France, Spain, Italy, Malta, Croatia, Syria, Algeria, Morocco and Tunisia.