Araucaria araucana (Molina) C.Koch

Monkey Puzzle Tree, Chile Pine




Family: Araucariaceae

Genus: Araucaria

Category: Tree - Evergreen

Zones: 7 to 10

Size: 50 to 100' tall, 20 to 30' wide

Exposure: Sun, Filtered Sun, Part Shade


Prefer cool, humid summers (as in England). Males are usually half the size of females (50' compared to 100'). Long spidery branches and densely overlapping rigid leaves. Moist soil.


Introduced by Archibald Menzies, one of Bank's collectors, in 1795. Native to southern Argentina and Chile (the Andes). Later introduced in 1844 by William Lobb. It became one of the most popular Victorian specimen trees. (Wulf)

Published in Dendrol. 2: 206 in 1873.

RHS Award of Merit 1980.

Genus and species named for the Araucani Indians of Central Chile.

Synonym Araucaria imbricata published in Desc. Pinus.


Sources of Information

© 2010-12 Lisa J. Miner