Araucaria heterophylla (Salisb.) Franco

Norfolk Island Pine



Family: Araucariaceae

Genus: Araucaria

Category: Tree - Evergreen

Zones: 10 to 11

Size: Typically 50' (can be 200')

Growth Rate: Moderate

Exposure: Sun, Filtered Sun, Winter In


Have weak root systems and rarely need repotting. Likes moist, well-drained soil. Foliage will discolor below 40F but if killed by frost it may produce new stems from the roots. Propagate from cuttings of the central leader since lateral cuttings will give irregularly shaped trees.


Native to Norfolk Island in the southern Pacific, east of Australia. Discoved on Captain Cook's second voyage (1772-5). Introduced to cultivation in 1793.

Published in Anais Inst. Super. Agron. 19: 11-12 in 1952. Basionym is Eutassa heterophylla Salisb.


My Experience: 

I purchased a 3-gallon plant from Home Depot in March 2010 and potted it up to a larger container. It has grown quite fast. I keep it outside from April to October and then overwinter in the conservatory.

Sources of Information

© 2010-12 Lisa J. Miner