Baptisia alba (L.) Vent.

White False Indigo, Prairie-indigo, White Wild Indigo

Flower buds

Flower buds


Family: Leguminosae

Genus: Baptisia

Category: Perennial

Zones: 5 to 9

Size: To 4' tall and wide

Growth Rate: Moderate

Exposure: Sun, Filtered Sun, Part Shade


Leafs out in early spring and flowers in April to May. White flower spikes, bluish green leaves and large seeds pods after flowering. Needs very well-drained soil. Has a deep tap root which allows it to survive periods of drought. Takes several years to get established.


Native to the southeastern US, Virginia to Florida.

Published in Dec. Gen. Nov. 9 in 1808.

Basionym is Crotalaria alba L.


My Experience: 

I purchased a 4" pot from Santa Rosa in June 2010 and planted it in the Wild Or Wacky garden. It was very late to come back in spring 2011 but eventually emerged and bloomed in May.

Sources of Information

© 2010-12 Lisa J. Miner