Calycanthus floridus L.

Sweetshrub, Spicebush, Carolina Allspice

Family: Calycanthaceae

Genus: Calycanthus

Category: Shrub - Deciduous

Zones: 4 to 9

Size: 8' tall and wider (to 10' tall and 12' wide)

Growth Rate: Moderate

Exposure: Sun, Filtered Sun, Part Shade


Fragrant flowers - sometimes banana and sometimes strawberry or a combination of the two fragrances, in spring. Flowers are dark purple to reddish brown, followed by urn-shaped seed capsules, brown to purplish. Dark, glossy green leaves, aromatic, downy below. Dense bushy form. Suckering habit. Shade in hotter zones.

Subordinate taxa: 


Native to the US, from Pennsylvania to Florida and Tennessee.

Introduced to cultivation in 1726.

First publication in Syst. Nat., ed. 10 2: 1066 in 1759. Linnaeus cites Catesby's Natural History Volume 1 plate 46. Also published in Sp. Pl., ed. 2 1: 718 in 1762 - "Habitat in Carolina."


Sources of Information

© 2010-12 Lisa J. Miner