Camellia japonica L.

Japanese Camellia, Common Camellia




Family: Theaceae

Genus: Camellia

Category: Shrub - Evergreen

Zones: 7 to 9

Size: 8 to 15' tall, 6 to 10' wide

Growth Rate: Slow

Exposure: Filtered Sun, Part Shade


Blooms, 3 to 5" diameter, in late winter to early spring, semi-double to double flowers, pink, white, red and variegated. Prefers moist, well-drained soil an high organic matter. Typically larger leaf than Camellia sasanqua.

From Bot. Reg. It is said to attain the size of a considerable tree, with a short trunk, dividing into numerous spreading branches... All will live in the open air in England, but the natural time of flowering falling in a season too inclement in these parts for the expansion of the bloom, they can never be seen in perfection in any place but the conservatory...


There are hundreds of cultivars. Visit the American Camellia Society for more information.

Subordinate taxa: 


Native to China, Japan, South Korea. Introduced in 1739 to the UK.

First cultivated in 1742.

First published in Sp. Pl. 2: 698 in 1753.

Also published in Bot. Reg. 1: 22 in 1815.

From Bot. Reg. This fine evergreen shrub, in all its varieties, is the produce of China and Japan, where it forms a chief feature of every garden and grove.


Sources of Information

© 2010-12 Lisa J. Miner