Cattleya aclandiae Lindl.

Acland's Cattleya


Family: Orchidaceae

Genus: Cattleya

Category: Houseplant

Size: Dwarf to 5" tall

Description: 

Pseudobulbs to 8" long, slightly broader at the top. Two fleshy leaves with red or black splotches. Flowers to 4" diameter on short stems, 1 to 3 per stem, waxy. long-lasting, spicy fragrance. Sepals and petals greenish to yellowish with dark red-brown, purple or black spots. Side lobes of the lip curl upwards and have white edges. The mid-lobe is magenta to purple with darker veins. The column is wide and exposed, purple to magenta with a yellow anther.

Blooms in spring and summer.

History: 

Published in Edwards's Bot. Reg. 26: 48 in 1840. Of this very distinct and pretty species of the handsomest of all the genera of Orchidaceae I have only seen a single flower, which I owe to the kindness of Lady Acland of Killerton, by whom the drawing, from which the annexed figure was prepared, was also supplied. It was received from Brazil in October, 1839, having been discovered by Lieut. James of H. M. ship Spey, and flowered in the stove at Killerton in the month of July, 1840, under the able management of Mr. Craggs, Sir Thomas Acland's gardener.

Also published in Dict. Icon. Orchid. Cattleya plate 23 in 1900, Orchid Album 2: 69 in 1883 and Bot. Mag. 84: 5039 in 1858. The flowers are charmingly varied in colour, and the structure of the labellum departs from the usual form, constituting (with Cattleya bicolor) a distinct section of the genus, distinguished by the base of the lip being too narrow and too spreading to cover the column. With us, April has been its flowering season m a warm stove.

Native to Brazil.

Relatives: 

Hybridizing Characteristics: 

Hybrids usually have cupped flowers. Plants small. In the first generation the spots and flower color are recessive but spots often occur in the second and third generations. Dominates flower shape, lip and number of flowers. (Hereditary Influences of the Cattleya Alliance - AOS.org)


Sources of Information

© 2010-12 Lisa J. Miner