Cattleya coccinea Lindl.

Scarlet Cattleya, Scarlet Sophronitis


Family: Orchidaceae

Genus: Cattleya

Category: Houseplant

Description: 

Closely packed pseudobulbs. Single erect leaf with red mid vein line. Erect to arching 3" inflorescence with a single scarlet flower. Blooms in spring. Good ventilation and bright light needed.

From Orchid Album Sophronitis grandiflora produces oblong-cylindrical pseudobulbs, bearing each a solitary elliptic leaf, which is leathery in texture, and from two to three inches long. The scapes spring from the top of the pseudobulbs, and bear a single flower frequently measuring as much as three inches across ; the oblong and the broadly-ovate petals are of a bright cinnabar or deep crimson-scarlet.

History: 

Published in Edwards's Bot. Reg. 22: 1919 in 1836.

Synonyms Sophronitis coccinea (Lindl.) Rchb.f. - known as S. coccinea before Sophronitis was merged into Cattleya and Sophronitis grandiflora Lindl. (pictured in Orchid Album 11: 504 in 1897 and in Bot. Mag. 65: 3709 in 1838).

Native to Brasil.

Relatives: 

Hybridizing Characteristics: 

Small plants. Dominant in flower color, shape, short stem and low flower count. Flat flowers, small lip. no fragrance, long lasting. Often flower at random in the year. If crossed with lavender, gives bright purple. (Hereditary Influences of the Cattleya Alliance - AOS.org)


Sources of Information

© 2010-12 Lisa J. Miner