Cattleya schroederae (Rchb.f.) Sandwith

Baroness Schroeder's Cattleya


Family: Orchidaceae

Genus: Cattleya

Category: Houseplant

Description: 

White to light rose flowers. Lip crinkled edge, orange yellow throat - present in most clones. Sweet fragrance. 3 to 6 flowers per inflorescence, to 5" across. Likes light, humidity and ventilation. Blooms from autumn to winter. Not much color variations.

Begins growing in the spring and matures in late summer, resting for several months before sending up flowers.

Easy to grow - see Chadwick Orchids.

Cultivars: 

'Hercules' - AM/RHS 1925, AM/AOS 1932 - first clone - white with orange throat.

'Summitensis', 'The Baron' (FCC/RHS 1908) - blush flower with orange throat and purple lip.

'Pitt's Variety' - FCC/RHS 1901 - sepals and petals medium lilac color.

History: 

Published in Gard. Chron., ser. 3 1: 512 in 1887.

Native to Columbia.

Basionym Cattleya trianae var. schroederae Rchb.f. Also published in Dict. Icon. Orchid. Cattleya plate 5g - white form.

From Chadwick Orchids: [quote: Baron J. H. W. von Schröder had one of the finest orchid collections in Europe and he loved cattleyas... (He) was a good customer of the English orchid firm Sander's Ltd., so when Sander's orchid collector in Colombia, William Arnold, found a new cattleya in 1886, the first person Frederick Sander thought of was the Baron.

When the newly collected plants arrived, the Baron obligingly bought most of them, and Frederick Sander sent the first flowers to the botanist H.G. Reichenbach, with the suggestion that Reichenbach describe them as a new Cattleya species... Reichenbach dedicated the "gorgeous" new flower with great satisfaction to the Baroness von Schröder, "who is so well known as an enthusiastic lover of orchids."

Reichenbach's description of the new plant, however, did not come out quite the way Sander had planned it. Reichenbach described the new plant as "Cattleya (trianaei) Schroederae," so the plant was suddenly not a new species, just a new form of a previously described species, C. trianaei.

Sander, however, was convinced the plant was not C. trianaei. Its bright, delicious fragrance was distinctive and different from the subtle fragrance of C. trianaei. Its petals and lip were more frilly or crisped, and it was a more vigorous grower. It also produced more flowers on a stem than C. trianaei. Sander felt it had to be a new species.]

Sander published the name a year later and it became the accepted name.

Relatives: 

Hybridizing Characteristics: 

Gives winter blooms, delicate clear pastel flowers, ruffled small flowers. Weak substance. (Hereditary Influences of the Cattleya Alliance - AOS.org)


Sources of Information

© 2010-12 Lisa J. Miner