Chrysanthemum indicum L.

Family: Compositae

Genus: Chrysanthemum

Category: Perennial


One of the parents of many modern Chrysanthemums. Small, yellow single petalled.

From Bot. Reg. No flower varies more in colour, whence it has become by its numerous hues a principal decoration of our conservatories in the dreary months of November and December. It survives in the open air our severest winters, in any soil (except a very wet one) and situation; but succeeds best when dressed and attended to; seldom expanding in perfection unless under shelter and in warmth.


Cultivated by Phillip Miller at Chelsea in 1764.

Native to China, Korea, Taiwan and Japan.

First published in Sp. Pl. 2: 889 in 1753.

From Linn. Typ. Proj. Chrysanthemum coronarium L. had long been treated as the generitype until Trehane (in Taxon 44: 439. 1995) proposed the conservation of Chrysanthemum with C. indicum as the conserved type, in order to restrict the generic name to the florists' chrysanthemum. The proposal was successful, resulting in Glebionis Cass. becoming the correct generic name for C. segetum L. and C. coronarium L. Prior to this, the correct name for the genus was Dendranthema Des Moulins.

Also published in Bot. Reg. 1: 4 in 1815.

From Bot. Reg. The species had however certainly been cultivated at Chelsea in 1764, by Miller, who received it from Nimpu; but was most probably soon lost, since we do not find it mentioned in the first edition of the Hortus Kewensis.

Other names listed in Bot. Reg.:

Anthemis grandiflora Ramat. - synonym of Chrysanthemum x morifolium Ramat.

Anthemis artemisifolia Willd. - synonym of Chrysanthemum x morifolium Ramat.

Anthemis stipulacea Moench - synonym of Chrysanthemum x morifolium Ramat.

Matricaria indica Mill. - unresolved


Sources of Information

© 2010-12 Lisa J. Miner