Category: Tree - Evergreen
Zones: 2 to 7
Size: 5 to 10' tall but varies widely by cultivar
Growth Rate: Slow
Green to gray to blue-green leaves, awl-shpaed with a spiny point. Does not do well in the heat of the south.
'Suecica' (also Suecica Group) - bluish green leaves, dense upright habit, Dirr says it does not do well in the US.
Published in Sp. Pl. 2: 1040 in 1753.
Native to northern Africa, temperate Asia including China, Japan and Russia, Nepal and Pakistan, northern, easter and middle Europe, Canada and the US.