Magnolia grandiflora L.

Southern Magnolia, Loblolly Magnolia, Bullbay

Flower

Flower

Images


Family: Magnoliaceae

Genus: Magnolia

Category: Tree - Evergreen

Zones: 7 to 9

Size: 60 ot 80' tall, 30 to 50' wide

Growth Rate: Moderate

Exposure: Sun, Filtered Sun, Part Shade

Description: 

Dense pyramidal habit. Found in moist woodland areas in the wild. Leathery, glossy dark green leaves to 10" long and half as wide, brown to red-brown beneath. Fragrant white flowers to 10" diameter starting in spring and continuing sporadically through the summer. Cone-like red fruit with red seeds. The leaves are stiff and messy when they drop. May drop leaves when transplanted.

Magnolia with leaves persistent, lance-shpaed and blunt, with cartilaginous margins of a shining green on the upper surface, and rusty-coloured beneath. Blossoms large, thick, white, and very sweet-scented. (Bot. Repos.)

Cultivars: 

'Bracken's Brown Beauty' PP#5520 - more cold hardy, compact and dense, 30 to 50' tall, 15 to 30' wide.

'Southern Charm' Teddy Bear® PP#13049 - smaller leaf with a wavy to it, more compact and slower growing to 20' tall and 12' wide.

History: 

Native to the southeast and south coast USA from Florida to North Carolina.

Introduced to cultivation in 1734.

'Grandiflora' means large-flowered.

State flower of Louisiana and Mississippi.

Published in Syst. Nat., ed. 10 2: 1082 in 1759. First published by Linnaeus as Magnolia virginiana var. foetida in Species Plantarum. Referenced to Catesby's Natural History Volume 2 Plate 61 (done by Ehret, not Catesby).

Also published in Bot. Repos. 8: 518 in 1808.

Relatives: 

My Experience: 

I purchased a 7-gallon 'Teddy Bear®' at McCorkles in September 2011 and planted it along the property line.


Sources of Information

© 2010-12 Lisa J. Miner