Magnolia grandiflora L.

Southern Magnolia, Loblolly Magnolia, Bullbay




Family: Magnoliaceae

Genus: Magnolia

Category: Tree - Evergreen

Zones: 7 to 9

Size: 60 ot 80' tall, 30 to 50' wide

Growth Rate: Moderate

Exposure: Sun, Filtered Sun, Part Shade


Dense pyramidal habit. Found in moist woodland areas in the wild. Leathery, glossy dark green leaves to 10" long and half as wide, brown to red-brown beneath. Fragrant white flowers to 10" diameter starting in spring and continuing sporadically through the summer. Cone-like red fruit with red seeds. The leaves are stiff and messy when they drop. May drop leaves when transplanted.

Magnolia with leaves persistent, lance-shpaed and blunt, with cartilaginous margins of a shining green on the upper surface, and rusty-coloured beneath. Blossoms large, thick, white, and very sweet-scented. (Bot. Repos.)


'Bracken's Brown Beauty' PP#5520 - more cold hardy, compact and dense, 30 to 50' tall, 15 to 30' wide.

'Southern Charm' Teddy Bear® PP#13049 - smaller leaf with a wavy to it, more compact and slower growing to 20' tall and 12' wide.


Native to the southeast and south coast USA from Florida to North Carolina.

Introduced to cultivation in 1734.

'Grandiflora' means large-flowered.

State flower of Louisiana and Mississippi.

Published in Syst. Nat., ed. 10 2: 1082 in 1759. First published by Linnaeus as Magnolia virginiana var. foetida in Species Plantarum. Referenced to Catesby's Natural History Volume 2 Plate 61 (done by Ehret, not Catesby).

Also published in Bot. Repos. 8: 518 in 1808.


My Experience: 

I purchased a 7-gallon 'Teddy Bear®' at McCorkles in September 2011 and planted it along the property line.

Sources of Information

© 2010-12 Lisa J. Miner