Magnolia liliiflora Desr.

Purple Magnolia, Red Magnolia

Family: Magnoliaceae

Genus: Magnolia

Category: Shrub - Deciduous

Zones: 5 to 8

Size: To 12' tall and wide

Exposure: Sun, Filtered Sun, Part Shade


Rounded shrub to small tree, multi-stemmed. Leaves simple, entire, alternate, to 7" long and 5" wide. Flowers are purple outside and white inside, tulip-like, to 4" diameter in early spring. Dirr says often infected with mildew.


'Nigra' - compact form, larger flowers (purple and white) over a long period, introduced by J.G. Veitch from Japan in 1861, RHS Award of Garden Merit in 2002, First Class Certificate 1981, Award of Merit 1907.


Considered native to China although not found in the wild there.

Introduced in 1790.

Published in Encycl. (J. Lamarck & al.) 3: 675 in 1792.

Synonym Magnolia purpurea Curtis.


Sources of Information

© 2010-12 Lisa J. Miner