Monarda punctata L.

Dotted Monarda, Horse-mint, Spotted Beebalm


Family: Lamiaceae

Genus: Monarda

Category: Perennial

Zones: 5 to 10

Size: To 4' tall

Exposure: Sun, Filtered Sun, Part Shade

Description: 

Semi-woody, multi-branched. Leaves opposite, square stems. Terminal flowers, small, white to pale pink. Attractive to butterflies.

Monarda with lance-shaped leaves, toothed, and minutely dotted. Flowers grow in whorls, are of a yellow colour, and dotted with red : the involucrate leaves are ovately lance-shaped, smooth, and flesh-coloured. Native of North America. (Bot. Repos.)

From Bot. Reg. Its most conspicuous ornament consists in the pink bractes, which form the involucre beneath each whorl of the inflorescence. The yellow corolla, when inspected near, will be found thickly speckled with small resinous dots, and variegated, or rather marbled, with pink stains. We do not know the exact height the plant may reach, but have never seen it more than a foot and a half high. The bloom smells like that of the common Balm; the foliage more like that of Mint.

History: 

Native to North America on the East Coast of the US and Mexico.

From Bot. Reg. Punctata is a tolerably hardy perennial plant, native of North America, where it is found, according to Mr. Pursh, in sandy fields, in the tract of country which reaches from New Jersey to Carolina. Cultivated in this country in 1714, by Mr. Thomas Fairchild.

Published in Sp. Pl. 1: 22 in 1753.

Also published in Bot. Reg. 1: 87 in 1815 and Bot. Repos. 8: 546 in 1808.

From Bot. Reg. Punctata is a tolerably hardy perennial plant, native of North America, where it is found, according to Mr. Pursh, in sandy fields, in the tract of country which reaches from New Jersey to Carolina. Cultivated in this country in 1714, by Mr. Thomas Fairchild.

Other names listed in Bot. Reg.:

Monarda lutea Michx. - synonym of Monarda punctata var. punctata (PlantList)

Relatives: 


Sources of Information

© 2010-12 Lisa J. Miner