Published in Sp. Pl. 2: 946 in 1753.
Basionym of Liparis lilifolia (L.) A.Rich. ex Lindl.
Also published in Bot. Repos. 1: 64 in 1799:
Gronovius, in his arrangement of the plants discovered by Mr. J. Clayton in Virginia, P.i, page 185, has described this plant; and Linnaeus after him, in his second edition of the Species Plantarum, page 1341, has it likewise, but thought it only a large variety of a species found in marshy grounds in Sweden; however that may be, it is perfectly new to Britain, as a plant in our gardens. This species of Ophrys seems much more easy to preserve than most of its congeners, as, since its introduction, the bulbs seem to acquire additional size, and the spikes of flowers to grow larger each year. Our drawing was taken from a plant in the extensive collection of the Right Hon. the Marquis of Blandford, Bill-hill, Berkshire, in the year 1797, about the beginning of the month of July; having been sent the preceding year from Philadelphia, by J. Lyons, gardener to William Hamilton, Esq. of that State.