Category: Tree - Evergreen
Zones: 3 to 7(8)
Size: 40 to 60' tall and half as wide
Growth Rate: Moderate
Fast growing when young. Leaves to 1" long, dark green, dense on the upper sides of the branches. Cylindrical cones to 6" long. Moist, well-drained, sandy acid soil preferred.
Many different sizes and habits. Many dwarf forms are slow-growing and good for rock gardens.
'Mrs Cessarini' - some argument about whether it is a P. abies or P. pungens but this was how it was labelled at Hillier.
'Pumila Nigra' - dwarf to 4' tall and wide.
'Reflexa' - dwarf with low spreading form, will weep if branches staked
Native to northern and central Europe. Introduced to Great Britain in around 1500.
Published in Deut. Fl. (Karsten) 325 in 1881.
Basionym is Pinus abies L. - also published in Desc. Pinus
P. Abies is one of the loftiest of the Europaean trees, growing sometimes to the height of one hundred and fifty feet. It is commonly straight and pyramidical. The bark is reddish and scaly, the leaves shoot very thickly, but not so regularly as in P. picea...
Synonym Pinus excelsa Lamb. - also published in Desc. Pinus.