Pinus banksiana Lamb.

Jack Pine

Photo credit: Original from Descr. Pinus courtesy of Biodiversity Heritage Library - (provided by Missouri Botanical Garden) modified to provide labels.

Family: Pinaceae

Genus: Pinus

Category: Tree - Evergreen

Zones: 2 to 7

Size: 35 to 50' tall and slightly less wide

Growth Rate: Slow

Exposure: Sun


Leaves in pairs to 2" long, curved or twisted. Cones to 2" long usually in pairs. Range of soil types and drought tolerant once established.

The specimen represented in the plate was taken from a remarkably fine tree growing at Pain's Hill, Surrey. The branches of this tree bore more fruit than any species I have seen. The cones were not more than five or six inches distant from one another in scarcely any part of the tree, and they were growing two or three together. Many of the young shoots were covered with resin, the odour of which was inconceivably fragrant. It flowered, I was informed, earlier in the spring than any other Pine. (Desc. Pinus)


Named for Sir Joseph Banks who was president of the Royal Society from 1778 to 1819.

First published in Descr. Pinus 1: t.3 p.7 #3 in 1803 (and in ed.3 #3 in 1832) At present P. Banksiana is very rare in England; I know only three of any size, one of which is at Pain's Hill, and this is certainly the finest; one at Kew, and the other at Croome, the seat of the Earl of Coventry.

Native to the north eastern US and Canada. Introduced to cultivation in 1783.

By whom this species was first introduced into England I have not yet learned. Mr. Forsyth, of Kensington Gardens, received a tree of it some years ago from a person who had been sent into the interior parts of America by the late Dr. Fothergill; this probably was the first that found its way into England. As I am entirely obliged to Sir Joseph Banks for the first knowledge of this species, I have given it his name. (Desc. Pinus)


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© 2010-12 Lisa J. Miner