Pinus echinata Mill.

Shortleaf Pine

Pinus variabilis

Pinus variabilis (= syn.)

Photo credit: Original from Descr. Pinus courtesy of Biodiversity Heritage Library - (provided by Missouri Botanical Garden) modified to provide labels.

Family: Pinaceae

Genus: Pinus

Category: Tree - Evergreen

Zones: 6 to 9

Size: 80 to 100' tall and 30' wide

Growth Rate: Fast

Exposure: Sun


Pyramidal in youth, developing a small crown. Leaves in 2s, (sometimes 3s) 3 to 5" long, blue-green. Cones to 2.5" long, clustered, often remaining after the seeds are shed.


Native to the eastern US, Texas and Oklahoma.

Published in Gard. Dict. ed. 8 12 in 1768.

Synonym is Pinus variabilis (Aiton]) Lamb. - also published in Desc. Pinus The native situation of P. variabilis is the sea-shore of North America, or at no great distance from it, in a sandy, but mixed kind of soil.


Sources of Information

© 2010-12 Lisa J. Miner