Pinus palustris Mill.

Longleaf Pine, Southern Pine

June 2014

June 2014


Family: Pinaceae

Genus: Pinus

Category: Tree - Evergreen

Zones: 7 to 10

Size: 50 to 100' tall

Growth Rate: Moderate

Exposure: Sun, Filtered Sun, Part Shade


Leaves in fascicles of 3 (clusters) with cones 6 to 10" long and wide at the base. When young the trees go through a grass stage when they look like fluffy short towers with long needles.


Native to southeastern US including South Carolina, Georgia and Texas, north to Virginia.

Published in Gard. Dict., ed. 8. 14 in 1768. Also published in Desc. Pinus 1: t.20 p.27 #14 in 1803 (and in ed.3 #23 in 1832) P. palustris grows only in the warm and moderate climates of North America. Wangenheim found it as far northward as forty degrees latitude in Pensylvania, but there, he remarks, it is generally solitary and the offspring of cultivation. In Virginia and Carolina it grows in greater numbers.

'Palustris' = marsh-loving.

Introduced to western gardens in 1730.


My Experience: 

I purchased a 1-gallon pot from McKenzie Farms in May 2013 after seeing them kept short at Moore Farms. I figured I would try the same thing. I planted it in the One Of Everything garden.

Sources of Information

© 2010-12 Lisa J. Miner