Pinus pinaster Aiton

Maritime Pine, Bournemouth Pine

Photo credit: Original from Descr. Pinus courtesy of Biodiversity Heritage Library - (provided by Missouri Botanical Garden) modified to provide labels.


Family: Pinaceae

Genus: Pinus

Category: Tree - Evergreen

Zones: 8

Size: 40 to 60' tall

Exposure: Sun


Usually sparsely branched medium to tall tree. Leaves in pairs, stiff, green with white lines on the underside, 10" long. Cones 7" long, shiny brown in groups of 2 to 4.

On the mountains of Switzerland the native forests are seldom suffered to stand; being usually either cut into shingle for covering the roofs of houses, or employed for the extraction of pitch. In the south of France the young trees are made into stakes for supporting the vines. (Desc. Pinus)


Native to the western Mediterranean. Cultivated in Europe since the 16th century.

Published in Hort. Kew. 3: 367 in 1789. Also published in Desc. Pinus 1: t.4-5 p.9 #4 in 1803 (and in ed.3 #9 in 1832) The first Pinus Pinaster planted in England, was in Bishop Compton's garden at Fulham, and is still growing there in a healthy state.

RHS Award of garden merit in 2002.


Sources of Information

© 2010-12 Lisa J. Miner