Pinus pumilio Haenke

Photo credit: Original from Descr. Pinus courtesy of Biodiversity Heritage Library - (provided by Missouri Botanical Garden) modified to provide labels.


Family: Pinaceae

Genus: Pinus


The Mugho Pine grows on the tops of the highest mountains, where scarcely any other tree is to be found, and it often covers with its thick and almost impenetrable branches a very extensive tract. (Desc. Pinus)

...very exuberant on the mountains of the more northern parts of Hungary. The roots generally run, it seems, in an oblique or subhorizontal direction; they are long, thick, and hard, clothed above ground with a brownish bark, shooting often to a considerable extent quite bare of earth. (Desc. Pinus)

When the branches of this tree are broken, a transparent resin of a very fragrant smell exudes, and this is collected and sold in the form of a native Balsam. A sort of empyreumatic aethereal oil is obtained by distillation from the burned branches, and sold in Hungary, under the name of Krumholz oil. (Desc. Pinus)


Published in Beobacht. Ries. Riesengeb. 68 in 1791. Also published in Desc. Pinus 1: t.2 p.5 #2 in 1803 (and in ed.3 #2 in 1832).

ARS-GRIN lists it as the basionym of Pinus mugo var. pumilio (Haenke) Zenari, which they say is accepted.

PlantList shows it as a synonym of Pinus mugo Turra.

Sources of Information

© 2010-12 Lisa J. Miner