Pinus rigida Mill.

Northern Pitch Pine, Pitch Pine

Photo credit: Original from Descr. Pinus courtesy of Biodiversity Heritage Library - (provided by Missouri Botanical Garden) modified to provide labels.


Family: Pinaceae

Genus: Pinus

Category: Tree - Evergreen

Zones: 4 to 7

Size: 40 to 60' tall and slightly less wide

Growth Rate: Moderate

Exposure: Sun


Open, irregular pyramidal habit in youth, more irregular with age. Leaves in 3s, 4" long, twisted, stiff and spreading. Cones in clusters of 3 to 5, 3 to 4" long. Has a tendency to produce tufts of leaves on the trunk.


Native to eastern US and Canada. Cultivated since 1759.

Published in Gard. Dict. ed. 8 10 in 1768. Also published in Desc. Pinus 1: t.18-19 p.25 #13 in 1803 (and in ed.3 #15 in 1832) This Pine grows in Virginia, Maryland, and Pensylvania more abundantly than in districts further northward. Mr. Menzies found it in California...


Sources of Information

© 2010-12 Lisa J. Miner