Poncirus trifoliata (L.) Raf.

Japanese Bitter Orange, Hardy Orange

Winter form

Winter form

Family: Rutaceae

Genus: Poncirus

Category: Shrub - Deciduous

Zones: 5 to 9

Size: 8 to 20' tall x 6 to 15' wide

Growth Rate: Moderate

Exposure: Sun, Filtered Sun


Green stems with slightly curved thorns. Three-lobed leaves, glossy dark green. White flowers in spring followed by small round fruit (edible but very acidic and seedy). Makes a thick, impenetrable hedge.



Native to China.

Published in Sylva Tellur. 143 in 1838.

Basionym Citrus trifoliata L.

Sources of Information

© 2010-12 Lisa J. Miner