Category: Shrub - Evergreen
Zones: 6 to 8
Size: To 20' tall
Growth Rate: Fast
Exposure: Sun, Filtered Sun, Part Shade
Most of cultivars are much smaller growing than the species.
More shade in hot climates.
'Rotundifolia' - shorter, round leaves, good for clipping and hence hedges
'Marble Dragon' - glossy green and gold variegated leaves
'Otto Luyken' - showy upright spikes of flowers but attacked by shot-hole virus, compact form
'Marbled White' ('Variegata', 'Castlewellan') - grey-green leaves with white marbling, dense shrub
'Schipkaensis' - 4 to 5' tall and 6 to 8' wide - discovered in 1889 at the Shipka Pass at 4000' in Bulgaria. Zone 5 to 8.
Published in Sp. Pl. 1: 474 in 1753.
Native to Europe and temperate Asia.
I saw the cultivar 'Schipaensis' at the Clemson Botanical Garden.