Sambucus nigra L.

Black Elder, Common Elder, European Elderberry

Family: Adoxaceae

Genus: Sambucus

Category: Shrub - Deciduous

Zones: 5 to 8

Size: 8 to 20' tall and wide

Exposure: Sun, Filtered Sun, Part Shade


Compound pinnate leaves, dark green, to 10" long, 3 to 7 leaflets to 5" long. Small white flowers in flat umbels in spring followed by edible fruits, glossy black. Likes well drained medium to wet soil. Will spread by root suckers. Cut as they appear.



Published in Sp. Pl. 1: 269 in 11753.

Native to Tunisia, temperate Asia, Europe and India.

Sources of Information

© 2010-12 Lisa J. Miner