Category: Tree - Evergreen
Zones: 3 to 7(8)
Size: 40 to 100' tall, 25 to 35' wide
Growth Rate: Moderate
Exposure: Sun, Filtered Sun, Part Shade, Shade
Prefers cool, moist, well-drained, acid soil and light shade. Not drought tolerant and cannot take high winds. Fine textured, graceful, pyramidal tree.
'Sargentii' - weeping form, zones 4 to 7a, to 12' tall and 30' wide, irregular outline, dense
'Cole's Prostrate' - dwarf prostrate form, silver white bark and dark green leaves
'Ruggs Washington Dwarf' - globose when young becoming broadly pyramidal, thin grey-green needles, 30" tall and wide in 10 years
'Pendula' - weeping form, flat needles
Native to eastern Canada and eastern USA south to South Carolina, including Tennessee, Alabama, Minnesota and Wisconsin. Published in Traite Gen. Conif. 189 in 1855.
State tree of Pennsylvania. Introduced to Britain in 1736.
'Canadensis' = from Canada but used earlier to mean north-eastern US.