Tsuga canadensis (L.) Carrière

Canadian Hemlock, Eastern Hemlock

Cultivar Sargentii Form

Cultivar Sargentii Form


Family: Pinaceae

Genus: Tsuga

Category: Tree - Evergreen

Zones: 3 to 7(8)

Size: 40 to 100' tall, 25 to 35' wide

Growth Rate: Moderate

Exposure: Sun, Filtered Sun, Part Shade, Shade


Prefers cool, moist, well-drained, acid soil and light shade. Not drought tolerant and cannot take high winds. Fine textured, graceful, pyramidal tree.


Numerous cultivars.

'Sargentii' - weeping form, zones 4 to 7a, to 12' tall and 30' wide, irregular outline, dense

'Cole's Prostrate' - dwarf prostrate form, silver white bark and dark green leaves

'Ruggs Washington Dwarf' - globose when young becoming broadly pyramidal, thin grey-green needles, 30" tall and wide in 10 years

'Pendula' - weeping form, flat needles


Native to eastern Canada and eastern USA south to South Carolina, including Tennessee, Alabama, Minnesota and Wisconsin. Published in Traite Gen. Conif. 189 in 1855.

State tree of Pennsylvania. Introduced to Britain in 1736.

'Canadensis' = from Canada but used earlier to mean north-eastern US.

Basionym is Pinus canadensis L. - also published in Desc. Pinus


Sources of Information

© 2010-12 Lisa J. Miner