Zinnia elegans Jacq.

Common Zinnia

Family: Compositae

Genus: Zinnia

Category: Annual

Zones: 2 to 11

Size: 12 to 48"

Growth Rate: Fast

Exposure: Sun


Upright hairy branched stems with brightly colored flowers, some single, double and semi-double. Good for cutting. Moist, well-drained soil. Start seed indoors in peat pots 4 to 6 weeks before last frost - do not disturb roots to transplant - or in soil once warm.


Published in Icon. Pl. Rar. (Jacquin) 3: 15 t 589 in 1792.

Nom. cons. over Zinnia violacea Cav. (proposed 2007, approved group committee 2009).

This elegant new species of Zinnia, is described and figured by J. A. Cavanilles, in his first volume of Spanish plants; where he says, it is a native of Mexico, South America, and was transmitted from thence to the royal gardens, where it perfected its seeds. In the year 1796, the Marchiohess of Bute received it amongst many other curious seeds, from Madrid, through the medium of Professor Ortega. (Bot. Repos. - Zinnia violacea)

Sources of Information

© 2010-12 Lisa J. Miner